The story

Ephemerides


Ephemerides (in Latin, "daily memorial") is a chronological succession of dates and their respective events.

Check below the historical ephemerides we have registered. Periodically we will publish new facts.

Soon more months.


January 20th

1265 - The English Parliament holds its first meeting.
1356 - Edward Balliol gives his country and the title of King of Scotland to King Edward III of England.
1458 - Matthias I is elected king of Hungary.
1479 - Fernando II becomes king of Aragon and begins to reign together with his wife Isabel I of Castile most of the Iberian Peninsula.
1486 - Christopher Columbus presents himself in Cordoba - (Spain) to the Catholic Kings, offering his scientific services and researchers as the new route to the Indies.
1503 - Constitution of the "casa de contractacion", Spanish commercial organization, especially created to deal with the affairs of America.
1567 - The Portuguese, led by Estácio de Sá, manage to overcome the resistance of the French and Tamoios in Rio de Janeiro.
1616 - In Angola, Kongo King Alvaro III denounces Nsundi rebellion
1768 - A Secretary of State for the Colonies is created for the first time in England.
1783 - Representatives of France, England and the new states of the Union sign in Paris a peace treaty ending the United States War of Independence.
1839 - Chile wins the battle of Yungay against the Bolivian-Peruvian federation, causing that federation to dissolve.
1841 - The island of Hong Kong is ceded by China to Great Britain. But the agreement between the two countries established that Hong Kong would return to Chinese control in July 1997.
1868 - Pope Pius IX awards the Golden Rose to the Queen of Spain, Isabel II.
1887 - The US Senate authorizes the Navy to rent Pearl Harbor as a naval base.
1890 - The National Anthem of Brazil, composed by Francisco Manuel da Silva, is official.
1921 - The Republic of Turkey is proclaimed.
1925 - The Soviet Union and Japan constitute an alliance.
- Britain and China sign the Beijing treaty.
1929 - Trotsky is expelled from the USSR and deported to Turkey.
1936 - Edward VIII ascends to the throne of Great Britain, functions that he left on December 11.
1941 - Franklin Roosevelt is elected, for the third time, President of the United States.
- Creation of the Brazilian Ministry of Aeronautics.
1942 - At the Wannsee Conference, the Nazis plan the Holocaust.
1951 - Tupi TV from Rio de Janeiro - Brazil opens.
1952 - British troops occupy the Egyptian city of Ismailia, outside the reserved area of ​​the Suez Canal.
1957 - South Africa refuses entry of Indian ships into its ports in retaliation for Indian sanctions on South Africa.
1958 - The Soviet Union threatens Greece with the establishment of economic sanctions if it accesses the installation of NATO missile bases on its territory.
1959 - The meeting of the Baghdad pact countries is held in Karachi, Iraq, where the same document signed shortly after the Republic's implementation is reviewed.
- More than 40 people die in Austria from suffocating heat above 40 degrees centigrade.
1960 - A treaty of security and mutual cooperation between Japan and the United States of America is signed.
1960 - Brussels Conference on the Belgian Congo in which it is decided to give it independence in June.
1961 - John F. Kennedy is elected president of the United States.
1968 - In Iraq, the regime of President Aref is overthrown, constituting the new government headed by Al-Bakr.
1969 - Richard Nixon is sworn in as president of the United States.
1971 - Arrest and disappearance of former Brazilian deputy Rubens Paiva.
1972 - Diffuser TV of Porto Alegre - (Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil) makes the first experimental color broadcast of Brazilian television.
1973 - Amílcar Cabral, PAIGC's founder and leader, is murdered in Conakry.
1975 - Britain is abandoning the joint project with France to connect the two countries through a tunnel under the English Channel.
1977 - After 40 years of prohibition, the Basque flag is again raised freely, by agreement with the government of Madrid (Spain).
1980 - US President James Carter calls for a boycott of the Moscow Olympic Games (USSR).
1981 - Ronald Reagan takes office as president of the United States.
The 52 US hostages, held in Iran for more than 13 months, are finally released, while Ronald Reagan takes office as the fortieth president of the United States.
1983 - Former Brazilian footballer Garrincha dies, considered to be the best right-back of all time.
1985 - Israel begins the process of withdrawing its forces from Lebanon.
São Paulo / Guarulhos International Airport opens.
Ronald Reagan takes over his second term as President of the United States.
1986 - Major General Justin Lekhanya, pro-South Africa, seizes power in Lesotho, toppling Prime Minister Leabua Jonathan's government.
1987 - The 92-year-old Anglo-Irish writer Gerald Brenan dies, many of whom are dedicated to writing about the history of Spain.
1988 - Baron Philippe de Rothschild dies at the age of 85, one of the most famous names in the French wine industry.
1989 - Republican George Bush, 64, takes office as 41st President of the United States.
- The preliminary results of the legislative elections in Sao Tome and Principe that gave victory to the Democratic Convergence Party / Reflection Group are announced by an absolute majority.
1993 - William J. Clinton takes office as president of the United States of America.
- Audrey Hepburn, 63, dies, actress and former UNICEF ambassador to Africa.
1995 - The Fourth General Assembly of the Organization of Unrepresented Peoples and Nations begins in The Hague.
1996 - Yasser Arafat wins by majority vote the chairman of the Autonomous Council for the West Bank and Gaza, becoming the first democratically elected leader in Palestine.
The date on which an alleged UFO accident occurred in the city of Varginha, Minas Gerais, and killed and captured extraterrestrial beings in the case of the Varginha ET.
1997 - Mobutu's government in Kinshasa, Zaire, officially declares war against rebels in the north, led by Laurent Désiré Kabila, after they occupy a 600-kilometer plot in the interior of the country.
- Bill Clinton takes office in his second term as 42nd President of the United States of America.
1998 - Vaclav Havel wins second term as President of the Czech Republic.
1999 - The arrest of the last president of the military dictatorship from 1976 to 1983, Gen. Reynaldo Bignone, was arrested for his alleged involvement in the abduction of children born in captivity.
2009 -Barack Hussein Obama II takes office as 44th President of the United States.