The story



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Ephemerides (in Latin, "daily memorial") is a chronological succession of dates and their respective events.

Check below the historical ephemerides we have registered. Periodically we will publish new facts.

Soon more months.

January 11

This image shows an entire hemisphere of Ganymede. The prominent dark region, called Galileo Regio, is about 3,200 km in diameter. Bright spots are relatively recent impact craters. Part of the Galileo Regio was covered with shiny ice. (Credit: Calvin J. Hamilton)

314 - Dies Papa Melquíades, the 32nd Pope.
630 - Prophet and founder of Islam, Muhammad, destroys the idols of the Kaaba shrine in Mecca.
844 - Dies Pope Gregory IV, the 102nd Pope.
1359 - Go-Kameyama, 99th emperor of Japan is born.
1610 - Galileo Galilei discovers Ganymede, Jupiter's satellite.
1689 - The Parliament of England deposes King James II.
1753 - King Fernando VI of Spain signs the concordat with Pope Benedict XIV.
1787 - William Herschel discovered the first moon of Uranus, six years after he discovered the planet. The diameter of Titania is 1610 km and its distance from Uranus is 436,300 km.
1789 William Herschel discovered the moons Titania and Oberon of Uranus.
1815 - Born John Alexander MacDonald, Prime Minister of Canada.
1866 - The English passenger boat London sinks in the Gulf of Viscaya. 220 people drowned.
1875 - Pierre Larousse dies, personality that was linked to the realization of the encyclopedia bearing his name.
1890 - The English summon Portugal to withdraw its troops from the territory between Mozambique and Angola included in the well-known pink map (British Ultimatum of 1890).
1896 - The Portuguese poet João de Deus dies.
1913 - Proclamation of Tibetan independence.
1916 - The Russians conquer Erzurum, capital of Turkish Armenia.
1918 - The Assembly of God, the largest evangelical denomination in the world, is officially registered in Belém do Pará, Brazil.
1919 - Rosa de Luxemburg and Karl Lisbknecht, founders of the German Communist Party, are executed.
1920 - French vessel traveling to Africa sinks near La Rochelle with 553 people aboard.
1922 For the first time, insulin is used in humans to treat diabetes. The patient is a 14-year-old Canadian.
1926 - Born Aaron Klug, Lithuanian and Nobel in chemistry.
1929 - The seven-hour workday is being implemented in the USSR.
1934 - Nathan Homer Knorr is elected a board member of the Bible and Tract Watchtower Society of New York, Inc. (USA).
- Jean Chrétien, lawyer and 20th Prime Minister of Canada
1942 - Japan declares war on Holland during World War II.
1943 - The United States of America waives its rights of extraterritoriality in China.
1946 - Enver Hoxha proclaims the People's Republic of Albania after the fall of King Zog.
1954 - First Soviet-American meeting on ban on atomic weapons.
1957 Torrential rains on the island of Palma lead to the deaths of 28 people, several injured and major economic losses.
1959 - North Vietnamese forces invade Laos.
1960 - Construction begins on the gigantic Aswan dam on the Nile River, Egypt.
1962 - Opening of the Second Vatican Council, which updated structures and doctrines of the Catholic Church.
1963 - The world's first disco in the United States is inaugurated, "The Whiskey-a-gogo".
1964 - Panama breaks diplomatic relations with the United States. Negotiations between the two countries have always been troubled because of the use of the channel, which connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific.
1966 - It starts in Rio de Janeiro a rain that lasts 72 uninterrupted hours. The city is in a state of public calamity and 200 people die.
1968 - Israel and Egypt agree on the exchange of prisoners of war under the auspices of the International Red Cross.
1973 - The new Brazilian Code of Civil Procedural Law is published.
1976 - A three-man military junta seizes President Guillermo Rodriguez Lara in Ecuador.
- Luis Cabral, President of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, officially visits Portugal.
1977 - France causes controversy by releasing Abu Daoud, a Palestinian suspected of the massacre of Israeli athletes at the 1972 Olympics.
1980 - Dies George Meany, head of AFL-CIO, American trade union central and one of the most powerful in the world.
1982 - Andalusia and Asturias (Spain) become autonomous communities.
1984 - The Soviet Union exhibits SS-20 mid-range missiles in East Germany.
1985 - About 1,500 protesters confront police in Noumea (New Caledonia), displaying their opposition to the prospect of independence from this territory under French administration.
1987 - Europe is going through a very harsh winter. In one week, the cold causes 70 victims, 49 of them in the USSR.

1988 - Dies Isidor Isaac Rabi (born 29/07/1898). Nobel laureate American physicist in 1944. The work that earned him the Nobel led to the invention of the laser, the atomic clock, and diagnostic uses of nuclear magnetic resonance.
1989 - An agreement signed between 140 countries on the Convention on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons abolishes such weapons. However, in practice, it only came into force in 1997.
- The Sri Lankan government ends more than five and a half years of emergency.
- Jose Luis Bustamante y Rivero dies, former president of Peru.
1991 - Soviet troops invade buildings in Vilna (Vilnius), capital of Lithuania, to prevent an independence movement in the country.
- The Paris / Dakar rally is interrupted by the death of a stray bullet by French driver Charles Cabannes.
1991 - Carl David Anderson dies. American physicist who, with Francis Hess of Austria, won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1936 for the discovery of the positive electron, the first known antimatter particle.
1993 - US President George Bush ends his presidential term with an air raid over Iraqi targets.
1994 - With the end of the Warsaw Pact and the merger with NATO at a meeting in Brussels, the governments involved create the Peace Association, which will integrate the countries of the now defunct Warsaw Pact.
- The Irish government announces the end of censorship of the IRA terrorist movement and its political arm, Sinn Fein.
1995 - Pope John Paul II begins his 63 trip abroad, this time to visit the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka and Australia.
1996 - There are rites and prayers for the death of former French President François Mitterrand in Jarnac.
- The Japanese parliament elects Ryutaro Hashimoto as its new prime minister.
- Italian Prime Minister Lamberto Dini announces his resignation.
1998 - New massacre in Algeria, in the village of Sidi Hammed, where more than a hundred people are slaughtered.
2000 - Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, 48 hours after the deadline for the deposition of weapons, announces a general amnesty for all members of the Islamic Salvation Army (AIS).
2004 - Dies Xenofón Zolótas, was Prime Minister of Greece.
2006 - Research suggests that Ariel Sharon's likely replacement is Ehud Olmert of Kadima, even Sharon's party.
- Evo Morales visits South African Bishop Desmond Tutu.
- Forensic Medical Institute (IML) of Brasilia publishes report in which General Bacellar had committed suicide.