The story

The Medieval Culture


The Middle Ages were called by the Renaissance Age of darkness. This name came about because they considered that in that period of European history the arts and knowledge would have developed little. But was the medieval world really a time of darkness and darkness?

In fact, the Renaissance wished to emphasize the difference between the time in which they lived and the earlier period which, according to them, was dominated by religion. Everything was explained by the dogmas of the Catholic Church, everything was according to God's will. The Renaissance did not discredit the existence of God, but wanted to place man at the center of the arts and knowledge.

This idea represented a true revolution. Inspired by the culture of the Greeks and Romans, the Renaissance began to observe and understand human beings and natural phenomena in a different way.


Throughout western Europe, traces of the medieval world can be found. They are castles, churches, paintings, books, relics, among many other objects and buildings. In the image, we highlight one of the most important and famous monuments in Italy, the Tower of Pisa, built between 1174 and 1372.

Cultural production in the Middle Ages

From the fourth and fifth centuries, the western Roman Empire began to break down. Economic crisis, difficulties in maintaining borders and the invasion of enemy peoples, especially of Germanic origin, were some of the problems faced by the Romans.

This scenario contributed to a radical transformation in the cultural life of the European peoples. Over time, Roman and German customs mingled, giving rise to the feudal world. Here monasteries and abbeys have become one of the main centers of cultural production.

In the Middle Ages, as in antiquity, few people could read and write. Most of the reading was done aloud to a group of listeners, as at Mass. Therefore, the texts were all prepared to be read in public, with strong and theatrical images.

The most educated people belonged to the Church, which controlled much of the artistic, literary, and intellectual activity of the day. The control of reading and writing was one of the Church maintaining its power and preventing people from thinking differently from their dogmas.

The cathedrals were also important centers of cultural production and preservation.