The story

The origin of the name Farrapos


Many of the history books insist on the version that the name "rags" or "rags", given to the gaucho revolutionaries, originated in the clothes they wore - worn and tattered. However, the truth is quite another. The name even predated the Farroupilha Revolution, and was used to denote liberal groups of exalted ideas.

As early as 1829 they met in secret societies. One of them was the Rio de Janeiro Society of Friends Friends, whose goal was to fight against the monarchical regime. Since then they were called rags. According to Evaristo da Veiga, the term had been inspired by the French "sans culottes", the most extreme revolutionaries during the Convention period (1792 to 1795). The sans culottes, which literally means no shorts, wore striped wool pants, as opposed to the short shorts adopted by the better-off.

Another version insists that the term was probably inspired by the rustic clothes of one of the Liberal leaders, Cipriano Barata, who, when in Lisbon, circulated around the city wearing a straw hat and purposely stripped-down clothing. Whatever its origin, the term was already accepted in 1831 as a designation of the exalted liberals who, at that time, published two newspapers in Rio de Janeiro: the Jurubeba dos Farroupilhas and the Matraca dos Farroupilhas.

In the political arena, the farroupilhas, united in their own party - as opposed to the conservatives, the caramurus - were one of the most exalted groups and defended ideas like the adoption of a republican regime or, at least, of a federation regime, in which the provinces had greater autonomy.

The farroupilha party was founded in Rio Grande in 1832 by Luís José Alpoim, who had participated in the popular unrest of April 7, 1831 in Rio, which resulted in the fall of the Emperor. From the beginning, the party had intense performance. In October 1833, he organized a demonstration against the establishment of the Military Society (which brought together conservatives) in Porto Alegre.

The confrontation between liberals and conservatives in Rio Grande do Sul was particularly marked. Here the moderates had no expression, so they were nicknamed "chimangos" - hunting that was not worth spending on lead. The nickname thereafter spread throughout the country.