Cuban politician (13/8 / 1927-). The son of a wealthy farmer, he is born in Mayari, graduated in law and freely defends peasants, workers and political prisoners. He stands out in demonstrations against dictator Fulgencio Batista, who was in power from 1952 to 1959 with the support of the Americans.
In 1953, after leading a coup attempt, he is sentenced to 15 years in prison. Amnesty in 1955, he moves to Mexico, where he heads a group, including Ernesto Che Guevara, who travels to Cuba by ferry in 1956 to fight Batista's army.
After three years of guerrilla warfare, he assumed power in January 1959 and has since governed the country. It organizes an agrarian reform and expropriates national and foreign companies, moving towards socialism and moving away from the United States (USA), which decreed a commercial blockade of the territory in 1960. Cuba becomes economically dependent on the Soviet Union (USSR).
Health and education are priorities of the Castro government, but there is no political or press freedom. With the collapse of the USSR, which halts aid in the early 1990s, Castro begins to reform the economy in crisis.
It imposes gender rationing and allows the entry of foreign capital companies and the establishment of its own businesses. In addition, it expands religious freedom. In 1998 receives the Pope in Cuba. He marries in 1948 with Mirta Diaz Balart, with whom he has a son. The couple divorced in 1954. Fidel has eight more children with other women.