The story

Artur Bernardes

Artur Bernardes

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Mining politician (1875-1955). President of Brazil from 1922 to 1926. He governs most of the time under a state of siege because of the tenentist rebellions that erupted during this period.

Artur da Silva Bernardes (18/8 / 1875-23 / 3/1955) is born in Viçosa, the son of a Portuguese civil servant, and studies at Caraça College. He goes to Ouro Preto and works in commerce to fund his studies at law school. He finishes his degree in São Paulo in 1900. Back in Viçosa, in 1903 he married Celia, daughter of Carlos Vaz de Melo, an important leader in the region, and became his father-in-law's political heir. He is elected state deputy in 1907, federal in 1909 and, in 1918, is president of the state of Minas, a post today equivalent to that of governor. During the Presidency of the Republic, between 1922 and 1926, he guaranteed some labor rights, such as a 15-day annual leave for employees of commerce, industry and banks. His government would be marked by the tenentist revolts, in which military sectors demanded moralization of politics and the return of public liberties, all severely repressed. It acts in the Revolution of 1930, but turns against Getúlio Vargas and supports the Constitutionalist Revolution of 1932. Defeated, it exiles in Portugal until 1934, when the Constitution of the Republic is sanctioned. He is elected federal deputy that same year and holds office until the establishment of the Estado Novo in 1937. He participates in the movement for redemocratization in 1945 and the Constituent Assembly the following year. Reelected in 1954, he engages in the campaign for the state oil monopoly. Dies in Rio de Janeiro.