Geography

Occupation of Northern Brazil


The occupation of the Northern Region, initiated along the rivers, concentrated the settlement on the banks.

From the 1960s, the construction of highways, such as Belém-Brasilia, Transamazônica, Cuiabá-Santarém and Marechal Rondon, facilitated the interiorization.

The distribution of land for rural settlement attracted migrants, who occupied the roadside and began the acceleration of the deforestation process.


BR-230 Transamazon Highway - Brazil's third largest highway, 4,223 km long, connecting the city of Cabedelo, Paraíba, to Labrea, Amazonas, cutting through seven Brazilian states: Paraíba, Ceará, Piauí, Maranhão, Tocantins, Pará and Amazonas.

In the 1980s, the government offered tax incentives for large agricultural projects, which devastated extensive pasture areas. Incorrect soil management, indiscriminate occupation and chemical pollution of the mines still caused great environmental damage.


Image illustrating agricultural projects - Pará

In this region, severe land conflicts also occur between farmers, pressure for deforestation and indigenous peoples, causing numerous deaths in the region.


Approximately 60% of those involved in conflicts are indigenous, quilombola and squatters.